Communication protocols

What the following protocols are and how I may use them

WAP (Wireless Application Protocol) was used to access information over a mobile wireless network.

GPRS (General Packet Radio Service) allows you to access mobile data, such as 2G, 3G and 4G. It means you can access online services without wifi.


Web 2.0 is the term used to describe the development of the internet. It’s not necessarily about how the web works but the change in how people design and use websites, for example, moving from static to dynamic websites.

ADSL (Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line) enables fast data transmission through a single connection while simultaneously letting the user use data. Ultimately this allows you to use the internet and make phone calls at the same time, unlike dial-up.

MMS (Multimedia Messaging Service) is the standard for sending media (photos, videos etc) to and from mobile devices.


SMS (Short Message Service) lets you send text to and from mobile devices, commonly known as ‘texting’.

Android messaging app

IM (Instant Message) is similar to MMS and SMS however it offers real-time transmission of text and multimedia using the internet.


VOIP (Voice Over Internet Protocol) lets you make free (or cheap) telephone calls across the world using the internet.

Facebook video chat

Forums are online message boards and communities of discussion. You might use this if you have a specific question or a statement to make.

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GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) describes the protocol used for second generation (2G) cellular network communications for mobile phones.

Bluetooth is a way to exchange data over a short distance. You might use Bluetooth to connect your devices together, such as headphones to a mobile phone.

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Bose sport headphones and Bose Connect app

Domain names and URLS are used to identify a website or other services connected to the internet, for example, www. YourDomain .com.

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Micro-blogging is the term used to describe a short form of traditional blogging. An example of micro-blogging would be text posted on Twitter, Facebook and Tumblr.

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Video conferencing transmits audio and video between various devices through the internet. Platforms that allow you to do this include Skype and FaceTime.

QR Code (Quick Response Code) is a physical barcode that can be scanned by devices with a camera. It’s formed of black squares against a white background that creates a unique link to a digital destination, like a website or app. These can be used for marketing, item identification, tracking and more.

qr code

NFC (Near Field Communication) enables two devices to transfer data when in close proximity. A common use of NFC is contactless payment.


Email allows you to send a digital letter over the internet to anyone with an email address.


My main digital communication methods vary throughout the day. Working in digital marketing I spend a lot of time on social media, especially twitter, and email. In my personal life, I use Facebook and Snapchat a lot more than Twitter, I rarely use email, and I mostly communicate through text and instant messaging. My usual device of choice is a smartphone for social media and texting, but I often use a laptop for browsing the web and work.

Below is a diagram of my day-to-day use of forms of digital communication.

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